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[[File:BushmenSan.jpg|thumbnail|left|300px|Figure 1. Example of a Kalahari Bushmen, which are sometimes described as relatively egalitarian societies. ]]
Since Karl Marx and others began to advocate for societies to develop more equitable economic systems in the form of socialism and even communism, there have been those that advocated that capitalism and, by extension, economic and social inequality evident in societies reflect a deviation from natural or even original human societies. Evidence for more equal societies is often difficult to determine in the distant past, but there have been arguments that social and economic inequality we are witnessing is more recent.
====Early Forms of Socialism?====