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During the Bronze Age, the economies of the ancient Near East became linked to broader ancient Old World in Central Asia, India, and Europe through long-distance commerce. This trade helped facilitate emerging patterns of consumerism, entrepreneurial spirit, and the spread of the alphabet and other social ideas. The economy, however, seems alien to us as it was complex and had many aspects to it, spanning from elites in palaces and temples to common urban and nomadic households.
'''''Palaces and Trade'''''
2. Moran, William L. 1992. ''[http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/0801867150/ref=as_li_tl?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creative=9325&creativeASIN=0801867150&linkCode=as2&tag=dailyh0c-20&linkId=B5PMBUA4W4EX36CB The Amarna Letters]'' Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press.
==Households and Daily Economy==
3. Goddeeris, Anne. 2002.
'''''[http://www.powells.com/book/economy-and-society-in-northern-babylonia-in-the-early-old-babylonian-period-ca-2000-1800-bc-9789042911239?partnerid=41307&p_ti Economy and Society in Northern Babylonia in the Early Old Babylonian Period (ca. 2000-1800 BC)] ''''' Orientalia Lovaniensia Analecta 109. Leuven ; Sterling, Va. : Leuven: Peeters ; Dép. Oosterse Studies.
The book looks at different aspects of the Babylonian economy, including on how key day-to-day aspects functioned. The emphasis is on how households managed their affairs, from loans, to marriages, litigations, and inheritance issues. Aspects of ownership and land, including in agriculture or other resources owned are presented.
Nomadic pastoralism made a critical contribution to the Near East economy in the Bronze Age. Often tribal groups would create social connections, through marriage or blood ties, with urban dwellers. This gave urban dwellers and nomads the opportunity to either become nomadic or an urban dweller, while also helping to create social links critical for trade and exchange. Nomads often carried items across the Near East, such as textiles, while they also utilized goods found in cities such as agricultural products. This symbiotic relationship allowed both types of lifestyles, urbanism and nomadism, to thrive.
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