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===The Clergy and the Laity===
Perhaps one of the greatest revivals of Vatican II was restoring what the council designated as “baptismal dignity.” The Church re-articulated that by virtue of the sacrament of baptism each member of the faithful incurred a priestly, prophetic, and kingly dignity. The priestly dignity is in reference to a call to holiness, the prophetic to a call to preach the word of the Gospel, and the kingly to be leaders in the Church. While this was not new, the council re-established that holiness, preaching the word, and leading were not only duties conferred unto the clergy, affirming that the laity shouldn’t be passive recipients of the sacraments, but active participants in the Church.
In many ways this served as a correction to clericalism that had been historically rampant in the Church and as a call to action to the monotonous church-goers that were not living out the Christian life in the secular world. It also reinforced that the laity were not merely meant to be served by the church, but they needed to reciprocally serve The Church in the world.<ref>Second Vatican Council, “Lumen gentium: Dogmatic Constitution on the Church” in <i>The Documents of Vatican II</i>, ed. Walter M. Abbott (New York: Guild Press, 1966).</ref>