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The First World War was an incredibly destructive and wide ranging catastrophe. It changed the map of Europe and the world and led to further instability. The First World War was one of the most important wars in human history and there has long been a debate about the exact cause of the First World War. There have been a broad range of theories about the root causes of the First World War. The assassination of the Archduke Ferdinand triggered the war but its ultimate causes were far more complex. These works all tend to agree that no government wanted to start a general war in Europe. They all tend to dismiss the old idea that Germany was solely responsible for the war. The all attribute the blame for the immediate start of the war either on the miscalculations or errors of judgments of politicians. They also all agree that nationalism and international rivalry were also leading factors that encouraged reckless decision making by governments and the militaries.