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Karl XII i Ystad 1715, målning av Johan Heinrich Wedekindt från 1719. jpg|300px|thumbnail|left| Tsar Peter the Great]]
The failed invasion of Russia by Hitler and Napoleon are well known. Less well-known is invasion of Russia by the Swedes under their most famous king, Charles XII. Sweden in 1700 was the greatest Northern European power and this provoked the jealousy of its neighbours. This led to the Great Northern War.